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English - Academic Writing: Evaluating Information: CRAAP Test


Bias can be hard to detect.

  • Psychologists have shown that we naturally tend to accept any information that supports what we already believe, as true, even if the information isn't reliable.
  • The information should be objective, fair, and balanced.
  • The absence of a viewpoint could present a bias.
  • Products and services can be sold...and so can ideas (religious, political, etc.)
  • Be especially careful when the viewpoint isn't apparent.


CRAAP Test Explained: Evaluating Your Sources

HOWLER Tutorial: CRAAP Test Explained: Evaluating Your Sources


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Depression Denial - Example of Relevance