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HOWLER Tutorials: CRAAP Test Tutorial


CRAAP Test Explained: Video

CRAAP Graphic

Willy Wonka asks: "Your source is credible but you can't find an author or a date published? Tell me again how you used the CRAAP test!

The   CRAAP   test


Currency - the timeliness of the information

  • When was the information published or posted?
  • Has the information been revised or updated?
  • Does your topic require current information, or will older sources work as well?
  • Are the links functional?

Relevance - the importance of the information for your needs

  • Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
  • Who is the intended audience?
  • Is the information at an appropriate level?
  • Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining that this is the one you will use?

Authority - the source of the information

  • Who is the author / publisher / source / sponsor?
  • What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations?
  • Is the author qualified to write on this topic?
  • Is the source information provided?  Are the sources credible?
  • Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source?

Accuracy - the reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the content

  • Where does the information come from?
  • Is the information supported by evidence
  • Does the tone seem unbiased and free from emotion?
  • Are there spelling, grammar, or typographical errors?

Purpose - the reason the information exists

  • What is the purpose - to inform, teach, sell, entertain, or persuade?
  • Do the authors / sponsors make their intentions clear?
  • Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?
  • Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, or personal biases?

Meriam Library.  Evaluating Information – Applying the CRAAP Test, California State University, Chico, 17 Sept. 2010,

Beyond the CRAAP Test: SIFT (The Four Moves) and Check, Please!