Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
CRAAP Test Explained: Video
Currency - the timeliness of the information
When was the information published or posted?
Has the information been revised or updated?
Does your topic require current information, or will older sources work as well?
Are the links functional?
Relevance - the importance of the information for your needs
Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
Who is the intended audience?
Is the information at an appropriate level?
Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining that this is the one you will use?
Authority - the source of the information
Who is the author / publisher / source / sponsor?
What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations?
Is the author qualified to write on this topic?
Is the source information provided? Are the sources credible?
Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source?
Accuracy - the reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the content
Where does the information come from?
Is the information supported by evidence
Does the tone seem unbiased and free from emotion?
Are there spelling, grammar, or typographical errors?
Purpose - the reason the information exists
What is the purpose - to inform, teach, sell, entertain, or persuade?
Do the authors / sponsors make their intentions clear?
Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?
Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, or personal biases?
Meriam Library. Evaluating Information – Applying the CRAAP Test , California State University, Chico, 17 Sept. 2010, www.csuchico.edu/lins/handouts/eval_websites.pdf.
Beyond the CRAAP Test: SIFT (The Four Moves) and Check, Please!